Bursae (singular: bursa) are fluid-filled sacs located throughout the body, and found around the shoulder, elbow, hip, knee and heel. They cushion the area between bones and the overlying soft tissue and reduce the friction between the muscles and bones. When these bursae become inflamed, this is known as bursitis.
Although the cause cannot always be determined, bursitis can be caused by chronic overuse, trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or infection. It commonly occurs in the shoulder, knee, elbow, and hip. Other areas that may be affected include the Achilles tendon and the foot.
Your orthopaedic surgeon will
Many people with bursitis can experience relief with simple lifestyle changes such as:
When conservative treatments prove ineffective in providing relief, it may become necessary to drain the affected bursa and receive an injection of corticosteroids along with a local anaesthetic to relieve symptoms of bursitis. Surgery is rarely required. However, surgical removal of the bursa may be recommended in painfully chronic cases of bursitis. When bursitis is caused by infection, then a course of antibiotics is would be used to treat the condition.