The spinal cord and nerves which connect the brains to muscles in the leg
Small joints that assist in movement
Muscles and ligaments
Causes of pain
Lumbar strain -This is a stretch injury where microscopic tears on ligaments, tendons and or muscles occur as a result of; overuse, improper use and trauma,
Nerve irritation- When nerves are irritated by bone and other tissue or from diseases along their path
Bone or joint conditions
Other causes unrelated to the lumbar spine include;
Non Invasive treatment
Following an examination by the orthopaedic surgeons, treatment can be as simple as;
Medication for pain and inflammation
Back exercises to increase muscle strength of the lower back and abdomen
Weight loss, if overweight
Surgery is never the first treatment method. However, the most common surgery done on the lower back is to remove pressure from a 'slipped disk'. This is only done when pain has not responded to other treatments.
As we age, decreased bone mass, strength and elasticity of muscles and ligaments are unavoidable. The aging process can be delayed by;
Exercising so muscles that support the back remain strong and flexible.