Arthrodesis is defined at its most basic meaning, as the surgical fusion of two or more joint surfaces. The most common locations for joint arthrodesis are the wrist, knee, hip or spine. The actual fusion process is accomplished a variety of methods, including surgical pins or straps.
Arthrodesis procedures are performed through internal, external, or intramedullary nail fixation.
Arthrodesis is beneficial in restoration, strength, and stability of a weakened joint. The procedure is beneficial to those with conditions like spinal stenosis or those with a failed knee joint replacement. It's also beneficial for those diagnosed with osteoarthritis, arthritis or osteoporosis.
The length of the procedure depends on the type of arthrodesis you're obtaining and the location of the joint being fused. You may be given a regional block or you may opt for general anesthesia so you can sleep through the procedure. Arthrodesis procedures generally last one to three hours. A recovery period of one to three hours follows the procedure. Of course, your surgery and recovery time frame depends on the type of surgery and the location of the surgical procedure.