Bunions are abnormal growths of the joint of the big toe. A bunion may cause the big toe to grow inward toward the other toes. The resulting deformity causes a large, calloused and often-painful ridge or bump on the inside edge of the toe. A bunion removal is done through surgery known as exostectomy or bunionectomy. During the procedure, soft tissues or ligaments that surround the joint of the big toe are often removed.
Prior to receiving bunion removal surgery, you may be required to undergo a number of tests that may include:
Prior to surgical approaches to treat bunions, you will undergo a thorough foot examination by a podiatrist or foot doctor. A common approach to bunion surgery is to remove sections of bone from the first metatarsal head of the big toe. This removal and repair is done by shaving, chipping or removal of portions of metatarsal bone. To remove the bunion, the doctor will:
Bunion removal is typically an outpatient or same-day surgical procedure. You'll receive a local, spinal or general anesthetic, depending on your case. Give your toe and foot about 8 weeks to heal completely. Sutures can be removed about 10 days post-surgery. You may be given pain relieving medication and antibiotics following the bunion removal.