An ingrown toenail is known as onychocryptosis, caused when one or both edges of a toenail - usually on the big toe - grow deep into the flesh on the side/s of the toe. This process usually causes redness, tenderness, inflammation and sometimes infection. The most common causes for an ingrown toenail are clipping the toenails too close to the skin, wearing poorly fitted shoes or prior infection or injury to the toenail.
On many occasions, your doctor will be able to visually diagnose an ingrown toenail just by observing the area.
Before attempting surgical removal of the toenail, your doctor may try to heal infection with antibiotics. When this fails to produce adequate results, removal of the toenail is typically indicated.
You will be given antibiotic ointment to apply to the nail bed every day until the healing process is completed. You may be given a special slipper to wear until you're able to wear shoes. A new nail will grow in place of the removed toenail within a few weeks. You may be advised against exercising or moderate to vigorous activity for about a week following the removal of your toenail.