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PRP Injection

General Information

PRP stands for platelet rich plasma. It's a therapeutic procedure used to treat and aid in the healing of bone with conditions like osteoarthritis or in the treatment in the healing of tendon injuries. PRP is a relatively new procedure in the field of orthobiolgics and strives to combine the body's own ability to heal with modern technological advances in the treatment of bone and tissue injury.

The platelet rich plasma contains clotting agents and healing proteins coined growth factors that aid in wound and injury healing processes. Their use in injected therapies speeds up the healing process and encourages tissue regeneration.

Reasons for PRP Injection

  • Tendon injuries and tears
  • Degenerative bone conditions like osteoarthritis
  • Rotator cuff injuries
  • Cervical neck injuries
  • Knee joint injuries
  • Sciatica
  • Tendinitis


To determine if you might be a good candidate for PRP injection, your doctor will take complete physical history from you and give you a thorough physical examination. He may also order a number of tests, including:

  • Nerve conduction studies
  • EMG - electromyogram studies
  • Musculoskeletal ultrasound
  • Gait studies and analysis
  • X-rays
  • MRI

Injection Procedure

The PRP injection procedure takes place in your doctor's office.

  • Blood is drawn from your arm
  • Platelet plasma is separated from other blood components in a centrifuge machine
  • The platelet plasma is drawn into a syringe
  • The injection site is prepared and anesthetized
  • The platelet plasma is injected directly into the tendon or area to be treated
  • A brace, crutches or protective boot is used in cases involving the leg

What to Expect

Upon your doctor's instruction, you will engage in physical or rehabilitation therapy in order to facilitate strengthening, stretching and stability of the affected area. You may be restricted from playing sports for up to 12 weeks following the injection, with activities gradually added to your lifestyle.